Curcumin (Curcuma longa)

Curcumin (Curcuma longa)



Turmeric is commonly known for its medicinal values in the Indian traditional systems of medicine. Turmeric has been used traditionally in “ayurvedic medicine” as an antiseptic, wound healing, and anti inflammatory compounds.

Curcumin is the active ingredient in turmeric, a spice in the ginger family used in cooking and for medical purposes. Used by doctors and health care providers in Asian cultures, this supplement is thought to have anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antioxidant properties.

Plant Anatomy

It is a tall herb with large root stocks and consists of rhizomes which are ovate, oblong or phyriforam. It is grown in many parts of India as commercial crop. It is household spice for diverse cuisines in all parts of India.

Cultivation, Conservation & Preservation

Planting with the first monsoon showers; irrigation is acceptable;

pieces of rhizome are planted (20-40cm apart); well fertilized;

annual crop taking 7-10 months to mature (wait for the plant to droop and wither);

Turmeric extract is derived from the root of the turmeric plant first by boiling and drying, then by grinding it to a powder, followed by extraction of the active ingredients using a solvent. There are 18 times more curcuminoids in the concentrate than in the natural spice which is simply a powdered form of the dried root. The concentrate is also known as Curcumin


Turmeric herb (Curcuma longa) is a plant native to south India.

Chemical constituents

Its tuberous root like structures have been used as a condiment, and medically as an aromatic stimulant. Curcuminoids are the major substances that give the spice turmeric its yellow color.


Curcumin and blood sugar stability: Curcuminoid polyphenols are the primary antioxidant in turmeric root. Curcumin is the principle curcuminoid, and it is responsible for the majority of health benefits attributed to turmeric.

Curcumin as an antioxidant:Turmeric is the fourth most antioxidant-rich herb with an Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) of 159,277. The curcuminoids boost levels of the body's most potent antioxidants including glutathione, superoxide dismutase and catalase

Curcumin and cancer: Curcumin supplementation was shown to destroy cancer cell mitochondria, disrupt the cancer cell cycle and arrest stem cell development that facilitates further cancer cell formation.

A Potent, Yet Safe Anti-Inflammatory: The volatile oil fraction of turmeric has demonstrated significant anti-inflammatory activity in a variety of experimental models. Even more potent than its volatile oil is the yellow or orange pigment of turmeric, which is calledcurcumin.


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